Facts You Want to Know About Toothpaste Ingredients

Basically, ADA-approved toothpastes have 5 ingredients that clean and preserve your gums and teeth. While other ingredients may be added, such as mouthwash, for freshening, basic toothpastes have 5 ingredients that maintain the health of the teeth and gums.

Fluoride: The Main Ingredients

Toothpaste, as noted, contains 5 basic primary ingredients – glycerol, sorbitol, calcium carbonate, sodium lauryl sulfate, and fluoride. Fluoride is the main ingredient that is used to fight cavities. Not only does fluoride make the enamel harder, it makes teeth more resistant to acid erosion. Toothpaste that contains fluoride lists the ingredient as sodium fluoride, sodium monofluorophosphate, or stannous fluoride, each of which are recognized to prevent cavities by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). A little bit of this mineral is all that is needed. Most toothpastes contain about 0.15% fluoride ion, which equates to 1,500 parts per million.

The Other Ingredients

Glycerol is used in toothpaste, so the product will not dry out. The ingredient gives toothpaste a smooth texture so it can easily come out of the tube. Besides glycerol, this ingredient may be called glycerin or glycerine. This ingredient is often added in food processing to foods, such as yogurt or peanut butter. Another toothpaste ingredient is sorbitol. This ingredient holds the paste together, along with the glycerol, and sweetens the product. Another sweetener used in toothpaste to make it palatable to is saccharin. Calcium carbonate is used in toothpaste to remove plaque, surface stains, and debris from the teeth. The abrasive ingredient, when combined with the scrubbing motion of a toothbrush, whitens the teeth, and makes them feel smooth. Sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) is a detergent-type ingredient and makes the toothpaste bubble. It can cause canker sores or soreness. If you have these problems, look for toothpastes free of SLS.

If you want to know which toothpaste to use that is ADA approved, check with us for a recommendation. It is also a good time to schedule an appointment for a professional cleaning if you have not done so. Call us to have your teeth checked and cleaned every 6 months to keep your mouth healthy and your teeth looking their best.